Archive | June, 2012

La violencia arranca los recuerdos

25 Jun

Monday, November 15th, 2010

 

Recuerdo que crecí escuchando muchas historias acerca de la guerra, de cómo mi papá vino a parar a San Salvador huyendo de las fuerzas en lucha que a sus 17 años querían reclutarlo o en todo caso, matarlo; o de cómo el ejército exterminó a muchos de los amigos y conocidos que mi mamá tenía y de milagro se salvó uno de mis tíos al tirarse a un pozo para que no lo mataran. Todas esas vidas se perdieron, y los que quedaron tuvieron que conformarse con sus recuerdos y madurar a la fuerza. Para muchos la guerra era una causa tonta, para otros era una lucha justa por los derechos de los civiles; a estas alturas no me importa saber si valió o no la pena. Lo que sí me interesa, es el país que heredé a causa de ello, poco a poco, la violencia se va llevando de encuentro la vida de personas que marcaron mi infancia, gente honrada que yo pensé que viviría más tiempo, o más bien… que merecía paz y seguridad tras haber experimentado muchas vicisitudes. Hace un par de años, mi familia perdió a un amigo, y el Sábado anterior… a otro. En ambos casos se trataba de personas honradas, que con sacrificio habían logrado poner su negocio, qué derecho tienen otros a quitarle el bien más preciado a un ser humano, que se lleven las cosas… total, lo material se repone. Pero ¿y la vida?, no puedo hacer nada menos que tener sentimientos encontrados, y exigir a este país sea del color que sea, que haga algo por cambiar, no a las autoridades, no al gobierno, sino a nosotros mismos, mucha gente cree que con invocar más violencia, pagar con la misma moneda, muerte, venganza, alabar la ira de un Dios (que en nada se parece al que yo hago el intento de seguir), va a resolver los problemas cual lámpara de Aladino y sus tres deseos fuera. La violencia se lleva de a poquito la gente que queremos, todos los días me levanto con miedo, no porque crea que me va a pasar algo, sino de que un desalmado venga un día por ahí y no me deje volver a ver a los que quiero.

http://dulcelimonpartido.com/2010/11/la-violencia-arranca-los-recuerdos.html

The Result of Violence

24 Jun
Posted on October 26, 2011 

 The Country

Muammar al-Gaddafi is dead, executed by his captors, or assassinated, depending on the political or human viewpoint from which it is observed.  An old refrain says he who kills by iron dies by iron.  I do not defend violence and I am against its use.  I place myself inside the skin of his opponents, persecuted, hounded and assassinated during forty-two years of this individual wielding absolute power, and I try to understand them.  It is not easy to refrain from evening the score, specially if the opportunity presents itself in the moment.  Perhaps those were the intentions of those who captured him in Sirte, as he tried to flee, and they decided to liquidate him without a lengthy judicial process.  It is not the best option, it is not accepted by the international community, but in battlefields these events often happen, even if they are not brought to our attention by the media: it all depends who the victim was.

These last few months of pain, destruction and death could have been avoided, if al-Gaddafi had given up his grip on power, and had facilitated a transition towards democracy, something that the Libyan society clamored for and needed, after too many years without freedoms and submission to the will of one man.  It was not to be, and this arrogance unleashed an escalation of violence that, we all knew, was going to end like this.  His sons and his followers fanatically seconded him and prolonged unnecessarily the sacrifice.  In Tunis and in Egypt the resolutions were more civilized and intelligent.  The violent death of al-Gaddafi leaves us with an important lesson: the way to dialog, respecting different opinions and tolerance, is the only way to avoid bloody confrontation, the real scourge, and one that should never be undertaken.

Translated by: lapizcero

October 24 2011

http://mermeladaen.wordpress.com/2011/10/26/the-result-of-violence/

Isn’t violence sometimes necessary, for example in self-defence or to defend those who cannot defend themselves?

24 Jun

What is the good of advocating non-violence in a dangerous and violent world? If we don’t have armies our countries may be invaded; if we don’t defend the weak they may be exploited and crushed. With such arguments we defend violence; and the more we defend violence, the more prevalent it becomes.

Are we really concerned about violence, or only concerned with defending our own? What is our own – ‘our’ property, ‘our’ resources, ‘our’ national borders? All such claims are arbitrary and invite violence, since other people and nations will inevitably make different claims. The mentality of ‘us’ and ‘them’ is one of the primary factors that is causing violence in the world.

If we are concerned about violence, not just towards the weak but to any human beings – and indeed towards other sentient beings and the natural environment – we need to understand its nature, causes and implications. Violence can take many forms – physical, sexual, psychological, political, economic. Though we may not be physically violent we may be contributing to violence indirectly, unwittingly or otherwise – for example by voting for aggressive politicians or by purchasing goods from exploitative corporations. If we are nationalistic, we will be contributing to divisions that lead to international conflict.

Resorting to violence may ‘solve’ a particular problem, for example by protecting a group of people from an aggressor. But it cannot solve the broader human problem of violence; on the contrary, it may only make it worse by entrenching the prevailing culture of violence. The development of the atom bomb hastened the end of World War 2, but left the world in peril of even greater destruction.

The root of violence lies in the self: that is, in our perception of the world in terms of ‘mine’ and ‘not mine’, ‘me’ and ‘you’. This misguided perception is the cause of all our insecurity, and of the violence to which insecurity gives rise. As long as we are preoccupied with our own interests and ambitions there can be little peace or compassion in the world. The ending of selfishness requires not moral discipline but ending the illusion that we are separate. In ending this illusion there comes a freedom that includes compassion for all humanity.

http://lifefaq.info/isnt-violence-sometimes-necessary.html

Zombie – The Cranberries (Sub)

23 Jun

terroristas…… asi es como llama un ejercito grande e imperialista a un ejercito mas chico

ComandanteMagneto in reply to skorpionpunk77 1 year ago

Pero por una fe, son capaces de todo: Cruzadas,inquisicion, rascismo, intolerancia y una largooooooooooo etc.

Stianofp in reply to MrLuisjua 1 year ago

de hecho ahi el obierno esta como mediador, debido que es una guerrilla entre catolicos romanos contra cristianos protestantes y luego dicen que las unicas religiones que causan guerras son los musulmanes contra los judios.

zamdani in reply to ratedrkodx1 (Show the comment) 8 months ago

Permitime una corrección, pero “zombie”, en español se escribe “zombi”. Ya que no es un nombre propio, que además no deriva del inglés sino del francés, ya que ese termino fue acuñado en Haiti, que dicho sea de paso, éllos lo sustrajeron de la palabra nzambi de el lenguaje kikongo.

seba1989ss 8 months ago

Permitime una corrección, pero “zombie”, en español se escribe “zombi”. Ya que no es un nombre propio, que además no deriva del inglés sino del francés, ya que ese termino fue acuñado en Haiti, que dicho sea de paso, éllos lo sustrajeron de la palabra nzambi de el lenguaje kikongo.

seba1989ss 8 months ago

Con gente como tú escribiendo “haiga” en vez de “haya” de seguro no la habrá.

elJufe07 in reply to Enchilada1997 (Show the comment) 8 months ago 4 

What´s in You bread, in your bread?! Sausage! Sausage! Sausage-age-age!

mmet293 6 months ago

las formas de pensar se respetan siempre y cuando no atente con la integridad de ningun ser humano.

lo que atente contra la vida no es una forma de pensar.

yan carlos mendez 9 hours ago

Tal vez, pero lo más preocupante es no respetar la forma de pensar de los demás, a eso se le llama intolerancia.

Bernardo Barco Reyes

Zombies solo a los soldados británicos? hasta donde yo tengo entendido todos los soldados del mundo jamas cuestionan una orden de un superior, es lamentable pero así es y peor aun los soldados de élite, ellos son robots encargados de realizar lo innombrable, claro en nombre de la paz

starblackk75

hey val tal vez les llama zombies a los soldados britanikos (tommies) porque caminan como muertos en vida, sin pensar y razonar que con sus bombas y armas matan niños jovenes y adultos irlandeses,solo siguiendo ordenes d sus superiores

bismilaji rajmani jajim

La guerra es necesaria, no podriamos enteder los tiempos de paz sin ellas. Hoy seguimos viviendo en la jungla. Nos han vendido una idea de libertad con la que muchos no concordamos. Seguimos como en nuestros inicios la ley del mas fuerte, disfrazada con ideas de paz, de democracia y otras tantas ocurrencias faciles de reconocer a tu alrededor.

cvcomar

no importa como escriban con faltas de ortografia o no, lo importante es la comunicacion entre las personas y el respeto no por una falta de ortografia le vas a dar un balazo a alguien, verdad??? recuerden que hay ejemplos en que solo se escriben las primeras letras y la mente le la oracion completa, hay que darle la importancia a lo que realmente vale la pena. Saludos cordiales.

ingrid carrasco gonzalez

Todos hablan de que no quiren guerras ni violencia pero casi nadie esta dispuesto a evitarlas desde la raiz, El bullying, el racismo, la falta de respeto y hasta las diferencias de religion y otras creencias son las que llevan a la guerra en tiempos futuros. Esto fomenta la codicia y la rabia en muchos seres que despues se convierten en politicos y hacen sus menjurges. La paz y la libertad no pueden ser gratis asi!

Crotobolomyst

La cancion se refieren a una marcha de protesta que tuvo lugar en Derry en 1968, la ciudad con mas militantes del IRA en ese momento. Una protesta por los derechos civiles que termino en la ejecucion sumaria de 15 personas por parte de los soldados ingleses. Estuve en la ciudad, muy loco como se vive el odio hasta hoy en dia entre los que se consideran irlandeses y los “Loyalists”, leales a Inglaterra

tinchoroig

men en el 68 ubo una masacre en el estado de mexico y no fueron 15 personas fueron miles, y fueron puros estudiantes de preparatoria y universidad que quieran un mejor gobierno entre otras cosas y nuestro gobierno asesino decidio hecharles todo el ejercito cuando ellos solo ivan con pancartas expresando lo que querian si esta banda conicera de esto talves y ubieran hecho un album para ellos no se solo digo

supergismo117

este tema, como otros mas le queda a muchos seres q creen tener el poder absoluto y s inventan cada cosa para hacer la guerra y no el amor y segun ellos tienen a sus organisaciones pra proteger los derechos humanos y no alos humanos derechos, USA falsedad absoluta una ciudad d edificios cancerosos donde en ves d salir el sol sale un dolar donde nadie rie donde nadie llora, gente con rostro d poliester q escuchan sin oir y miran sin ver .

forcoral

Bueno, pero no tienes por que meterte con la gente con sindrome de down, mide tus palabras por favor. Entiendo lo que quieres decir, hay mucho imbecil suelto por ahi sin gusto musical, me parece que eso no podra cambiarse nunca y es una lastima, tantas buenas bandas que no son reconocidas porque no entran en el canon que a las empresas les gusta… en fin.

Lalairu

NINGUN IDEAL POLITICO POR MUY BUENO O HONRADO QUE SEA NO VALE UNA VIDA HUMANA …

mikel alva

Comparto compañero, la indiferencia y apatía permearon en muchísimos círculos de la sociedad mexicana. La parte de: “es el mismo viejo tema que desde 1916”, es fuerte… en México, no hemos parado de estar en conflicto de forma velada o manifiesta; yo no quiero la patria dividida ni por siete cuchillos desangrada, como dijera Neruda en su poema “Aquí me quedo”. Urge cambiar la estrategia, pues ha sido la estrategia de siempre, el costo social de la misma es inefable.

SoyCantoyFlor

La música tiene la extraordinaria virtud de poder expresar a través de ella, cuando hay talento, hasta los sentimientos más profundos de vergüenza, de ira, de rabia y de importancia; en castellano o inglés. Mucha porquería han dejado ya a la humanidad las luchas políticas; mejor disfrutar de esto, de la Música, que es universal, para todos y nos deja profundos sentimientos a todos sin excepción. México: ¡Vota AMLO el 1 de Julio!

FERNANADO1003

El problema en Irlanda del Norte se remonta muchos siglos atras cuando Inglaterra comenzo su dominio en 1366, aunque este conflicto tiene su mayor desarrollo en dos fechas claves; en 1690 los protestantes ingleses vencieron a los irlandeses católicos, hasta 1922 (epóca de la indpendencia de Irlanda del sur) estos últimos sufrieron duros ataques a sus derechos más elementales; en 1922 Irlanda obtiene su independencia menos en el Norte, que hasta la fecha sigue siendo dominio británico…..

…en esta parte los irlandeses católicos hasta 1998 (con los acuerdos de Viernes Santo), siguieron siendo oprimidos y discriminados frente a los irlandeses protestantes de origen escoces, ingles y gales; en este tiempo ocurrieron hechos lamentables como el domingo sangriento de 1971 y otros donde hubo actos violentos entre el IRA (pro unificación con Irlanda del sur) y varios grupos paramilitares protesantes (a favor de seguir siendo parte de Gran Bretaña), es por esto que el gobierno…..

..britanico envio soldados a Irlanda del Norte, siendo así una zona militarizada durante muchos años, hasta los acuerdos de paz de Vienes Santo en 1998. Esta canción ilustra dicho conflicto.

ischixoch

Todo en este mundo es posible, no muy probable, pero todo es posible, se necesita esfuerzo, dedicación pero realmente solo convicción y no solo de uno, ni de muchos, sino de todos y para eso se necesita una maduración intelectual desde los estratos sociales más pobres hasta los más ricos, porque ambos desconocen los problemas y necesidades del otro (unos con hambre otros sin verdadero amor) yo he visto ambos, y ambos necesitan madurar y alimentarse (literalmente a veces) culturalmente moral etc.

TheGenitalica

La guerra, máximo epitome de la estupidez humana.

ischixoch

I have to agree, it’s an angry beast that once released dooesn’t slumber until it’s exhausted from feeding on the bodies of loved ones.

TheGawdfatherofLuv

Si le pusieramos imagenes de la “guerra de Calderon” en México, probablemente no notariamos la diferencia, entre las guerras colonialistas y la que aqui hay, una guerra contra el pueblo justificada por las ambiciones deleznables de politicos corruptos, empresarios mezquinos y narcotraficantes asquerosos, todos sin un dejo de humanidad.

ohebmathec

la verdad no se por que me meto en este debate mu poco consecuente ya que veo y leo que hay pacifists y alarmistas— la verdad es que si quieren entender cual es el verdaderosentido de las diferencias deben consultar libros de historia de chile y de sudamerica pero escrito por autores europeos ( no es dificil) y se daran cuenta que EEUU siempre se a entrometido en los asuntos sudamericanos tambien inglaterra y por que no decirlo alemania en tiempos de guerra.

otro punto importante es que si quieren ver de donde se ven luces del comienzo de las disputas territoriales entre chile y argentina solo deben hechar un vistazo a la primera creacion de un mapa conformado por chilenos y argentinos en el cual era chilena gran parte de lo que hoy se considera patagonia argentina cosa que fue modificada por argentina. eso es algo que esta reconocido en la historia en libros escritos por gente que no es ni chilena ni argentina (datos para que se informen)

isamutenshi1

mal lo de los ingleses, arriba Argentina, sabes los chilenos estamos con ustedes, no nuestros dirigentes políticos, porque esos están donde pueden sacar más, nos venden a nosotros en nuestra propia tierra y no espero que los apoyen pero sepan que las personas que trabjamos y mantenemos a esops parasitos de la politica estamos con el pueblo argentino

groween

por privilegiar su país si YPF no estaba inviertiendo y tenian que darles dinero, nika, lo bueno es que alla al menos no se le regala dinero al empresariado y te recuerdo que los argenitnos y chilenos hemos cambiado hya una relación mucho más fluida, a lo mejor tu eres de ese grupo que se lleva ganancias sin trabajar como YPF (trata de dar comentarios sin tanto veneno, acá escuahmos música el tema está hecho para gente como tu)

groween

si creo que unon puede tener una visión pero no hay que descalificar, aunque no estoy en absoluto de acuerdo con lo que dice no voy a entrar en ese plan, en verdad me alegra lo que pasa en tu país, con la valentía con que enfrentan los problemas, les deseo lo mejor

groween

si pues hermano argentino, considero muy valiente a tu presidenta y se trata de una cuestión de enfoque, el problema son los malos dirigentes como cuiidaan sus intereses politicos ara sólo salvar su bolsillo, como lo hiceron en Irlanda los ingleses o con ustedes, no es justo ni está bien que esto siga ocurriendo, y si un chileno dice que está deacuerdo es porque es parte de los parasitos beneficiados con el trabajo de otro

groween

  • Actualmente los argentinos han robado a España. Después de los esfuerzos qeu ha hecho España por invertir en latinoamérica. Yo he empezado a rechazar lo argentino, he dejado de estar con ustedes, y espero que no vaya a más. Es cierto que la guerra no debe estar justificada, deberían cortarse las cabezas de los poderosos que son los que tienen mayor respondasbilidad.

    kirikukira in reply to groween (Show the comment) 2 months ago

  • creo que estas mla enfocado estimado, primero yo soy Chile, segundo son los privados los que invierten (no España) y por falta de inversión es que se expropio, ya que el gobierno tuvo que inyectar capital antes y aún así no suplieron en YPF, en Chile ocurre algo similar con muchas empresas extranjeras, sólo que aquí nuestras autoridades… En España tengo entendido que ocurre algo similar por lo de su crisis, creo que el problema no es Argentina sino la falta de regulación a privados, ojo.

    groween

    Pues por fortuna aunque estamos en crisis nos mantenemos al margen de la delincuencia. Igual que Bolivia, que se hace tb con una eléctrica, despues de que españa , les condonó las deudas. Nos toman por tontos, por mi parte ya a Argentinos y Bolivianos ni agua, yo personalmente les estoy dejando de tener en estima. Y me da pena, pero es lo que pasa cuando algo afecta de manera personal.Y muchos españoles se han visto afectados.ssaludos!

    kirikukira

 

 

 

23 Jun

Chances are I’m going to mislead you, not intentionally of course, and not in the way you might think. So you look at me, learn my name, and your best guess might be a shot in the dark. Still it makes an interesting party trick.

La casa del demente.

Quiero agradecerle por venir, y no importa cómo se llame, porque yo no tengo nombre, así como usted tampoco. En este instante, usted va a empezar a creer que le hablo de mí, y que trato de jugar con su mente, pero se equivoca, es usted quien trata de jugar con la mía, que en sí mismo es la suya, usted es yo, yo no soy nadie a partir de ahora y no tenemos un nombre, por el hecho simple de que no nos llamamos, a nosotros nos llaman, y pueden hacerlo como quieran, podemos tener muchos nombres, somos indiferentes al motivo o razón impreso en el nombre al que se nos quiera adjuntar para después identificarnos, como si realmente fuera necesario que se nos identifique, nadie presta atención a esos detalles, y yo soy nadie, usted es yo, no lo olvide.

Luego de haber creado una presentación tan entretenida…

View original post 117 more words

18 Jun

El Mortero

A nosotros nos gusta la comida rápida. Nos encanta pedir pizza de peperoni y cervezas y tirarnos a ver televisión o a hablar en la terraza del apartamento. También nos gusta pedir a restaurantes chinos poco confiables cuya comida dice ser preparada por ‘famosos cheffs de Hong Kong’ (desde que diga cheff ya todo está mal), hamburguesas con papas fritas y en general cualquier tipo de comida que no se demore más de media hora en llegar a la puerta del edificio y cuya procedencia sea ligeramente sospechosa.

Y que llegue caliente.

Y seamos sinceros, el arte de los domicilios o se hace bien o se hace mal. No existe un punto  intermedio. No existe una vara mediocre para medirlos. Llegan bien o llegan mal.

Y en este arte, creo yo, La Hamburguesería se lleva todos los aplausos, obviamente, en este tipo de comidas. Mucha gente me ha preguntado por…

View original post 348 more words

Myths of Forgiveness

18 Jun
“Forgive and remember”

Published on July 26, 2012 by Will Meek, Ph.D. in Notes to Self 

I found myself inspired this morning by the story of Pierce O’Farrill, who recently survived three gunshot wounds in the Colorado theater tragedy. Only days later, he has extended forgiveness to the gunman. This reminded me of the most incredible story of forgiveness that I have ever heard, which was when members of the Amish community extended forgiveness to a gunman and his family less than a day after he killed many children from their community in a school.

I developed my own model of forgiveness after that, but in the 4 years since, I have noticed a range of misconceptions about forgiveness that are obstacles for my clients. Most of them are ways that our minds and culture bundle other things with forgiveness, rather than seeing it as a process of its own. These myths include:

1. Forgiving means that what happened was OK: this is the #1 barrier to forgiveness that I encounter with my clients. There is a perception that if we forgive someone, it either lets the person off the hook, or is somehow an indication that what happened was OK. I see these as separate processes: a) an understanding that the act was not OK and that the person remains accountable, and b) a process of forgiveness that happens in parallel.

2. If I forgive, it might happen to me again: for people that have experienced something traumatic, one of the adjustments afterward is often a vigilant stance of self-protection to avoid being a victim again. For some people with these experiences, the anger, pain, and anxiety related to the event, operate as fuel to help remain on guard. Through counseling, many people can develop new ways to protect themselves physically and emotionally, which allows for a forgiveness process to begin without the fear of being harmed again.

3. I need to “forgive and forget”: this is a common phrase I hear for people that want to begin working on forgiveness. However, if we forget what happened, we can also lose the learning that came from the experience. Therefore, I usually advocate more for “forgive and remember”.

4. If I forgive, it means I have to reconcile with the person: when we are harmed in a relationship and have taken steps to distance ourselves, forgiving the person does not mean we have to go back. If we ultimately want to return to the relationship, forgiveness can help it be successful, but if you are done with it, you can forgive and still choose it to be over.

5. If I don’t forgive, then I am a bad person: some people feel a pressure to forgive even the most terrible acts due to pressure from others and a belief that being unforgiving makes you a “bad person.” My view is that we are never required to forgive someone to be a “good person”, although many good people do work to forgive others. Instead, I see forgiveness as simply an option we have when we are looking for peace and healing.

6. After I forgive, I will never feel angry or hurt about it again: this final myth is one that can eventually be true after some time. Going back to the Amish school shooting story, I could not comprehend how quickly the victim’s families were able to change their feelings, especially in contrast to the broader culture that tolerates (or even promotes) revenge, and my own beliefs about how enraged and destroyed I would feel if someone I cared about was killed. It wasn’t until a few years later that I saw a film about the tragedy, and  the father of one of the victims clarified that he is often thrown back into anger and pain, but works for “forgiveness everyday”.

I think forgiveness can represent the best of what we are capable of as humans, and can be a fitting balance to something horrific, but we have to be ready for it.

http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/notes-self/201207/myths-forgiveness

Alexander Luthra: West Meets East

17 Jun

Alexander Luthra, ex-journalism graduate from Holland and now, travelling Art of Living teacher, has always been happy and fulfilled.

“I didn’t feel like getting a job or working to get a nice car or a house. I already felt good, so I thought why put more effort. Instead I could make myself useful to the world.”

Alex had his first taste of the Art of Living when he was 16.

“My mother had done the course and she invited me and my brother for a public program with Sri Sri (His Holiness Sri Sri Ravi Shankar)”

They were eager to go and six months later they did the Art EXCEL Course (that was then also meant for the age group of 13 to 18 years since the Youth Empowerment Seminar had not been designed yet) in the Netherlands.

What Alex also found fascinating was how the course helped them deal with what they wanted in life, what was troubling them, how they could be happy and how the mind works.

Sri Sri was a big inspiration for him.

“I first met him in the public talk in 2000 and I was very impressed. At that time, I didn’t know much about it. But I noticed his presence; he was so natural and so enthusiastic.”

Then he went on to do the first part of the Teachers Training Course just before starting university in 2004, completing it in 2008.

“I started teaching courses here in the International Centre in Bangalore. After that, I travelled a lot to parts of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, the North East, Sri Lanka and Dubai.

That’s where, he says, he really learnt what Indian culture was all about.

“I went to places where people might not know me, where I might not even speak their language. These people have not met me before and still they welcome me into their house with so much love and respect. They do so much to take care of their guests and these are people who, if you look from a Western mindset, have very little. They are even willing to share their last glass of water.”

Alex has been to villages, deep inside the North Cachar hills in Assam, known for its militant presence. What Alex learnt there was that these were not bad people, they just didn’t know how to solve their problems.

“We spoke to the local people and they asked us to help them set up projects: start schools, improve agriculture and conduct vocational trainings. There is no electricity, except from solar panels. There is hardly any agriculture. There is usually one vehicle going out of the hills to a nearby town, which people use to get supplies. It leaves in the morning and comes back by evening. So children can’t even go to school unless there is a school there. These people try very hard to solve their problems. It’s just that they don’t know how to go about it.”

These experiences taught him that human values of love and compassion are present in every human being and that stress is the root cause of violence.

“Even while teaching programs for prisoners in Manipur, they shared that what they did was not something they wanted to do. They simply got so stressed that they felt they had no choice.”

And Alex has dedicated his life to spreading the knowledge of a stress free-life, which he observes has become the need of the hour in the world today.

“People have not learnt how to manage their minds. They don’t know how to deal with their emotions, or to deal or the situations that life puts them in. And this knowledge has helped bring so much transformation all over the world.”

Alex is only further inspired by watching his guru connect with people across race, religion, class or every other stereotype.

“Personally, what really inspired me when I got to know Sri Sri was the way he is constantly working, sleeping only for a few hours a night and that for decades. At the same time, I see he is so free and totally aware every moment. He does not get annoyed or stressed. He does what is required at that time and place, for that person. It’s a miracle.”

He finds that this slowly happening in his own life.

“A while after I first began regularly practicing the pranayama and breathing techniques, I found that I was not getting stressed or angry anymore. I realized that very few things actually upset me and people began asking me how come I’m always smiling and enthusiastic.”

He finds that the practices are now reflecting at many more levels.

“Today I travel so much, meet so many people in one day, stay in places where the food and climate is different. But when my practice is regular, I see that my body is able to quickly adjust to these changes so that there is hardly any stress. A few minutes of meditation and breathing brings in so much freshness and clarity.”

He also sees that he is now able to understand the nature of the mind much better.

“I’m able to understand more and more why I do what I do and how I respond to the environment. It’s like learning a language. And the more you understand how your mind works, the more you understand others because the laws of the mind are the same.”

What fascinated Alex about Eastern philosophy, therefore, is its relevance to life. Another aspect of Eastern philosophy that he has always been drawn to are the poojas and mantras. He now teaches the Sandhya Vandanam and performs the rudra pooja, which he learned in the ashram’s Veda Pathshala.

“I found that mantras had a profound effect on the state of my mind and I wanted to learn more.  People are surprised that I have learnt it despite my origins. I think I was thirsting for it and it came naturally. It felt like I already knew it at some level. Wherever I go, people are impressed with the pronunciation.”

Though he is often asked why he is doing voluntary work in a faraway country instead of settling down, he feels that he wouldn’t want to be anywhere else.

“Sometimes people feel that the spiritual path is different from routine life, almost like spirituality is different from working or attending to the family. But for me being on this path means becoming more aware of life.”

The way Alex sees it, spirituality is anything that enlivens the spirit and brings up the human values of happiness, contentment and service. “It is also about asking oneself questions like why one is doing what one is doing, if that’s what one really wants and what is the purpose of life.”

“Whatever we do in life, if you really look into it, we basically do to become happy, contented, fulfilled. People spend their whole life running behind so many things, trying to achieve this. I have found this fulfillment in my life, and now I just want to share it with as many people as possible!”

If you like the story please write to us at webteam.india@artofliving.org

Writer: Harshini Vakkalanka, Graphics: Niladri Dutta

http://www.artofliving.org/in-en/our-people/alexander-luthra 

 

 

 

Paz con la Tierra

16 Jun

El Ministerio de Cultura y Juventud en coproducción con el Centro Costarricense de Producción Cinematográfica se complacen en presentar el Costa Rica-Festival Internacional de Cine 2012 Paz con la Tierra en alianza, con la participación de alrededor de ochenta obras de cine y video en concurso oficial nacional e internacional, y las mejores películas contemporáneas del mundo. Este nuevo concepto de festival busca impulsar las obras audiovisuales, cinematográficas y de video que propongan historias de respeto y solidaridad, y que promuevan la convivencia pacífica entre los seres humanos, con las distintas formas de vida y con el planeta que habitamos. Este Festival desea reafirmar la dignidad humana, promoviendo el respeto por la vida y contribuyendo a la formación de un espíritu crítico que potencie la conciencia colectiva. En ese sentido, el Festival plantea un desafío a aquellas obras de cine y vídeo que promueven como fórmula masiva de entretenimiento la violencia en sus diversas formas, incluyendo el abuso de la naturaleza y el irrespeto a toda forma de vida. El Festival está respaldado por la extraordinaria labor que ha venido desarrollando el Centro Costarricense de Producción Cinematográfica con las anteriores dieciocho Muestras de Cine y Video a nivel nacional y el Festival Internacional de Cine y Video San José en Centroamérica y el Caribe. Nuestro invitado de honor es México, cuyo cine ha sido punto de partida y referencia para la creación y evolución del cine latinoamericano y mundial a lo largo de más de un siglo. Como tributo a este patrimonio cinematográfico se programará una muestra de películas de ese país, propuestas en conjunto por el Festival Internacional de Cine de Guadalajara y del Instituto Mexicano de Cinematografía. El Festival rendirá un sentido y justo homenaje al cineasta Víctor Vega y a la actriz Kitico Moreno, dos baluartes de la cinematografía costarricense por su invaluable aporte al séptimo arte nacional. Esta primera edición del Festival se lleva a cabo del 27 de julio al 4 de agosto y su epicentro será La Antigua Aduana en donde se programará todos los días artes escénicas,  música, talleres, exposiciones de artes visuales, charlas, foros y conferencias para promover la participación activa y el intercambio artístico e intelectual del público. La programación incluye una muestra de cine contemporáneo internacional afín con la promoción de la cultura de paz, cuidadosamente seleccionada mediante la curaduría de Nicole Guillemet, quien ha trabajado en el medio artístico por más de 20 años, primero como directora ejecutiva del Utah Repertory Dance Theatre y luego como vicepresidenta y directora del Sundance Film Festival por más de 15 años. Por último, es importante destacar que mediante este Festival se aspira a constituir un corredor de promoción del quehacer audiovisual mediante la articulación del Costa Rica-Festival Internacional de Cine 2012 Paz con la Tierra, con el Festival Internacional de Cine en Guadalajara, el Festival Ícaro de Cine en Centroamérica, Guatemala así como con el Festival Internacional del Nuevo Cine Latinoamericano, La Habana, Cuba y con el Festival Internacional de Cine de Panamá.

http://www.costaricacinefest.com/index.php/es/el-festival/paz-con-la-tierra

Fat Burners

15 Jun

In the last 20 years, there has been an explosion of diet pills and diet products promising to melt fat away with minimal effort. Yet over the past 20 years, obesity rates have sky-rocketed 60%. Makes you wonder if there really is a magical pill that can rev up your metabolism and melt pounds away without effort. Is there such a wonder pill? No!

The key to losing body fat is reducing calorie intake and engaging in regular aerobic activity. The key to revving up your metabolism is to eat at frequent intervals throughout the day (not starve yourself) and to do resistance training to build muscle. Muscle burns more calories at rest, thus boosting your metabolic rate slightly.

Most fat burner supplements are bogus. For instance, research has shown over and over that chromium picolinate and l-carnitine (two common ingredients in popular fat burner formulas) have no effect on weight or body fat loss. The few supplements that have been found to help with fat loss play only a very minor role in the overall process. Without appropriate eating and exercise modifications, along with the supplements, they are sure to fail. Unfortunately, advertisements suggest otherwise… “Simply take this revolutionary product and watch the pounds melt away without exercise and without dieting!” Sound too good to be true? It is!

Read on to learn…

  • Whether the active ingredients in fat burner products are effective and safe.

  • Are the new “ephedra-free” products really better and safer alternatives?

  • What are the keys to losing body fat and keeping it off for good?

  • Is there a genetic limit to how lean and shredded you can get?

Ephedrine, Caffeine, & Aspirin (the old “ECA stack”)

What are they? Ephedrine is a powerful stimulant that is chemically related to amphetamine (“speed”). It occurs naturally in several plants, such as ephedra (Ma huang) and the heartleaf plant (Sida cordifolia). Until its recent ban in 2004, it could be found in many popular “energy” drinks, fat burner pills, herbal preparations, and a variety of “natural” weight loss products.

Caffeine is also a powerful stimulant–one that most students are very familiar with! It is found in coffee, tea, many soft drinks, chocolate, coffee-flavored ice cream, yogurt, and candy, some over-the-counter medications, and many dietary supplements marketed for increased energy and fat loss. It is often disguised in herbal products under the names “kola nut, guarana seed, or green tea extract.” All of these herbs contain caffeine.

Aspirin (or acetylsalicylic acid) is not a stimulant. But, it is often added to fat burner products because it appears to reduce urinary excretion of ephedrine—thus keeping it in the blood longer and prolonging ephedrine’s stimulating effects. Salicin (which is chemically similar to aspirin) can be derived from willow bark and is often added to herbal preparations.

How do they affect your body?  Ephedrine and caffeine stimulate the sympathetic nervous system by increasing levels of certain brain chemicals (or neurotransmitters) such as norepinephrine. Norepinephrine (or noradrenaline) triggers the body’s stress response, causing a wide array of stimulant effects that prepare the body to “fight or flight” from a physical or emotional stressor. These stimulant effects include: increased heart rate, increased blood pressure (by constricting blood vessels), expanded airways, increased mobilization of fatty acids, and slightly increased resting metabolic rate (RMR)–all efforts to boost oxygen and energy supply to muscles so that they can “fight or flight” a stressor. Norepinephrine also acts on a region of the brain called the hypothalamus that helps to regulate appetite.

Because of these powerful effects, herbal ephedra (or Ma huang) has been used in Chinese medicine for more than 5000 years as a decongestant; and synthetic ephedrine is approved by the FDA for use in many over-the-counter medications for relieving asthma, hayfever, and nasal congestion. In fact, ephedrine is very effective for these purposes because it helps to open up airways. Some research also indicates that ephedrine may help promote fat and weight loss because it increases RMR slightly and curbs appetite. Further, when caffeine is taken with ephedrine, the thermogenic (or metabolic-boosting) effect is doubled!

What about caffeine taken alone? Caffeine, when taken alone, has a slight thermogenic effect and a slight appetite-suppressing effect. But, it does NOT appear to have any significant effect on weight or fat loss when it’s taken without ephedrine. However, taking caffeine one hour before exercise, does seem to enhance endurance. Thus, it may allow you to train longer and harder so you can burn more body fat that way. As many students already know, caffeine is a well-known (and well-studied) physical and mental invigorator. It improves alertness, reduces fatigue, helps improve memory and reasoning, and enhances subjective feelings of vigor and energy. In fact, caffeine is superior to ephedrine in this regard. However, caffeine taken alone will do nothing to increase fat or weight loss.

Are there any risks to taking them, either alone or in combination?

Ephedrine Ephedrine has a long list of negative side effects. These include: increased blood pressure, arrhythmias (heart rate irregularities), insomnia, nervousness (anxiety), tremors, headaches, seizures, heart attacks, strokes, and even death. These dangerous side effects are worsened when ephedrine is combined with other stimulants such as caffeine, synephrine (which comes from the fruit and root of Citrus aurantium or bitter orange), yohimbine (which comes from the bark of the yohimbe tree) and aspirin (as in the common “ECA stack,” ephedrine, caffeine, aspirin combination).

In fact, ephedrine was linked with over 2200 reports of adverse effects, including numerous deaths, before the FDA banned it as an ingredient in dietary supplements in 2004. While you will no longer find ephedrine in popular weight loss formulas, it can still be found in over-the-counter medications and traditional Chinese medicine.

Note to College Athletes: It’s especially important that you avoid ephedrine-containing products because ephedrine is banned by several athletic associations, including the NCAA (National Collegiate Athletic Association). Use of these products may result in disqualification from your event.

Caffeine High caffeine consumption can also have negative side effects, including nausea from increased stomach acid secretion, muscle tremors, heart palpitations, insomnia, anxiety, and headache. However, these side effects are mostly a concern for people who are not used to consuming caffeine on a regular basis or for people who exceed their usual dose. Also, caffeine is a diuretic, so if you’re not a regular consumer, it will stimulate greater fluid loss through you urine and increase your trips to the bathroom. While this is not too convenient when your sitting in lectures and labs all day, it certainly won’t hurt you as long as you consume extra water throughout the day too. Probably the biggest risk with caffeine is that it exacerbates ephedrine’s side effects. So, it’s best to avoid combining the two stimulants together.

When consumed sensibly, caffeine offers a beneficial boost in energy and may have a positive impact on mental and physical performance. If you choose to consume caffeinated products, keep these helpful tips in mind:

  • Know your personal limit. Caffeine tolerance is a very individual thing. Some people experience adverse effects with very small doses, while others feel fine even at very high doses.

  • Regardless of your tolerance level, keep your daily intake under 300 mg (click here for more info on the caffeine content of common foods and beverages). If you have built up a tolerance to higher amounts, it’s time to cut back. People who need that much caffeine to get through the day may be masking an underlying medical problem that causes extreme fatigue or depriving their bodies of its most basic needs for food, rest, and/or play.

  • Be sure to drink plenty of water throughout the day to prevent dehydration.

  • Make sure you consume adequate calcium on a daily basis. Caffeine slightly increases urinary calcium loss. While this is not very significant for people who consume plenty of calcium in their daily diets, it is significant for people who do not.

  • Avoid caffeine after 3 pm if it is interfering with the quality of your sleep.

  • Do not take it with ephedrine or other stimulants.

Note to College Athletes: In the athletic world, caffeine is considered a “controlled or restricted drug.” In other words, caffeine is not banned, but there are strict limits on how much an athlete is allowed to consume before an event. The legal limit set by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) is a urinary caffeine level up to 12 mcg/mL following competitions. However, athletes can consume a very large amount of caffeine before reaching this limit (i.e. 4-5 mg/lb. of body weight, or approximately 600-750 mg taken an hour before exercise!).

The New “Ephedra Free” Alternatives After the ban of ephedra in 2004, dieters are now turning to new weight-loss substances. Two of the most popular are Citrus aurantium and green tea extract.

Citrus Aurantium Citrus aurantium (also known as Bitter Orange) is a product mainly extracted from the peels of manadarin oranges, seville orange juice, and certain types of potatoes. Small amounts of it are commonly used to flavor orange marmalade and various liquors. As a weight-loss product, it is not well studied. But one of its primary active ingredients, synephrine, acts similar to ephedrine in the body.

Like ephedrine, synephrine stimulates the sympathetic nervous system’s “flight or fight response” and works on the neurotransmitters in the brain that suppress appetite. However, it appears that synephrine has a weaker effect on the cardiovascular system than ephedrine, so it may pose less of a risk. Still, many scientists say that when combined with caffeine and other substances commonly found in weight-loss products, synephrine could lead to high blood pressure, heart attacks, and strokes and be just as dangerous as ephedrine. As a result, most health professionals agree that the risks of synephrine far outweigh any potential weight loss benefits.

Green Tea Extract Green tea extract is probably the safest component of the new ephedra-free supplements. Recent studies suggest that green tea may play a role in stimulating thermogenesis (i.e. fat burning) and increasing calorie expenditure. This may be partly due to the caffeine content of green tea, or it may be due to an interaction or synergistic effect between its high content of catechins along with the caffeine. Green tea contains several catechins, most notably epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG). Catechins are known to increase levels of the brain chemical norepinephrine, which stimulates the sympathetic nervous system’s “fight or flight response.” In addition, catechins have potent antioxidant activity (which may account for green tea’s protective effect against heart disease and cancer).

In high doses, green tea extracts with high amounts of caffeine may result in heart palpitations, insomnia, and other negative effects of high caffeine consumption. But, otherwise, it is safe. Since it’s still not known whether EGCG (or some other single isolated compound) is solely responsible for green tea’s many potential health effects, it is wise to consume the entire herb (by drinking green tea) rather than relying on a supplement.

Keys to losing body fat and keeping it off for good!

  • The only way to lose body fat is to create a calorie deficit, either by eating a bit less and/or exercising a bit more. But, be sensible! Very restrictive diets, as well as excessive amounts of exercise, can backfire and contribute to poor physical and emotional health and increased risk of weight re-gain! Click here for more info about the negative effects of restrictive eating.

  • The key to revving up your metabolism is resistance training and increased muscle mass. The metabolic boost that comes from having more muscle mass on your body is far greater than the small, temporary rise that comes from stimulants in fat burner products.

  •  Learn how to control your appetite naturally and without risk. Eat every 3-5 hours to avoid getting overly hungry. Include a good protein source with meals and snacks to boost your satiety, or fullness, after eating. Choose high fiber carbohydrates, which supply extra bulk without extra calories. Drink plenty of water. And, finally, discover your non-hunger triggers to eat, and learn how to manage your emotions without food

  • If you are at least 30 lbs. overweight and your health is at risk due to your excessive body fat, then prescription medications (like Meridia or Xenical) may be considered as an adjunct to a sound eating and physical activity program. In these cases, the risks of having excessive body fat may outweigh the risks of the medication. And, because they are available by prescription only, a physician will always be carefully monitoring you—which is not the case with over-the-counter weight loss pills and dietary supplements. Ideally, you will also have the opportunity to work with a dietitian, trainer, and/or therapist to improve your lifestyle habits. Otherwise, the weight will be rapidly regained after the medication stops.

  • If you are not overweight (i.e. just looking to shed 5 or 10 pounds), there is NO evidence that any weight loss supplement or prescription drug is going to have a significant effect. All the research that has been done with these products has been done with people who are significantly overweight. Further, in this case, the risks of taking the supplements seem to far outweigh any potential benefits.

Can Supplements Overcome Your Genes? Dietary supplements are a multi-billion dollar industry that feeds on people’s false hopes and desperate efforts to achieve something that, for most people, is an unrealistic body ideal. The amount of muscle you can put on and the amount of body fat you can lose is restricted to a great extent by your genetics and your body type.

Further, to maximize what you CAN achieve (given the constraints of your genes) takes a lot of work! It’s not as simple as just taking a supplement. To achieve your personal best requires a balanced eating plan and a consistent physical activity program. It takes time, patience, and effort to develop and implement these two things.

The models you see in fitness magazine ads didn’t get there by just taking the supplements they are promoting. They got there with a combination of 1) genetic endowment, 2) a very rigid eating plan (often unhealthfully rigid!), 3) hours of hard training every day (often to the point of compulsive!), and in many cases 4) illegal anabolic steroids and/or surgical procedures like liposuction and breast enhancement.

Consider a male fitness model who is HUGE (weighing in at 250 lb), but who is completely shredded with only 3% body fat. With this very low level of body fat, this much muscle mass is not possible to obtain naturally without the help of illegal, dangerous anabolic steroids. There is a physiological limit to how much lean muscle mass a man’s frame can hold, given a certain percentage of body fat. In order for him to gain more lean muscle mass, he would have to also gain more fat mass. Most men simply cannot be that BIG and be that LEAN naturally.

Consider a female fitness model who is super lean (with only 12% body fat), but has HUGE breasts. With this very low level of body fat, this much breast tissue is usually not possible. After all breasts are made of fat!

The supplement industry is making lots of money; while consumers are getting more and more obsessed about their weights, diets, and exercise regimens and more and more frustrated, depressed, and angry because they are not able to achieve the stunning results displayed in the ads. Worse yet, hundreds of thousands of consumers are putting themselves at risk, conducting a large-scale experiment on themselves with supplements that have questionable long-term safety.

Consider putting your time, energy, and money in better places. Enroll in a nutrition class, invest in a couple of sessions with a personal trainer, or buy a new outfit that highlights your best features. You’ll feel better and look better too!

Sheri Barke, MPH, RD COC, Student Health & Wellness Center

Rev. 2005

http://www.canyons.edu/offices/health/nutritioncoach/Nu101/fatburners.asp
semioticaparatodos

Estudiando los significados sociales

Compañeros del Emprendimiento

Reflexiones sobre emprendimiento, innovación y competitividad